We have seen many methods of growing marijuana seeds. From the most basic to the advanced technique, cultivating marijuana is a well-loved hobby for beginners and experts alike. With various methods on how to germinate marijuana seeds, it all just comes to your preference on what type to use.
Why You Need to Germinate Marijuana Seeds
Marijuana germination is the procedure where a sprout breaks out of the seed’s coating. The sprout looks like a small white tendril and it is extremely delicate. It is the plant’s initial root and it is often referred to as the “taproot.” All the upcoming roots created by your marijuana plant will grow from the taproot. This means that the taproot is the building block of all your plant’s potential roots in the future.
The taproot, together with a few other tiny young offshoots around it – will grow and develop into longer and stronger roots. They will push the seed above the ground until the shell emerges from the surface of your growing medium and grow its first leaves known as the “cotyledons.”
These initial round leaves will sprout from the inside of the marijuana seed. The cotyledons developed as part of the plant embryo in the seed, which means there’s no need for the marijuana seedling to grow them. The sprouting first leaves are the ones that break open the shell after the taproot cracked it open.
How to germinate marijuana seeds
Marijuana seeds need three things to achieve successful germination and these are heat, water, and air. Using these, you can perform the simplest and easiest technique to germinate your seeds. But first, you’ll need paper towels, two clean plates, and marijuana seeds.
Here’s the process of this germination technique:
- Take your paper towels and soak four sheets in the distilled water. The sheets should be saturated with water but they shouldn’t have any excess dripping water.
- Get two sheets of the saturated paper towel and place them on one plate. Then, arrange the seeds on top of the plate with at least one inch of space between them. After that, get the remaining sheets of paper and cover it on top of the seeds.
- You need to make a dark protected area for your seeds. You can do this by covering the top with the remaining plate. This will create a dome-like space for your seeds to germinate.
- Lastly, keep the area warm and follow the correct temperature between 70-90°F.
These are all the steps to germinate your marijuana seeds. Once you completed each step, you only need to wait.
Don’t be impatient because this stage is crucial for the overall growth of your plant. Make sure you check the paper towels from time to time. If the papers are starting to lose their moisture, spray a little amount of water. Maintaining the proper amount of moisture around your seeds will keep them healthy and happy.
Note: each seed has different germination speed. Some may take longer than the others and that’s normal. You can tell that your seed has germinated once it breaks and one sprout begins to emerge from it. This sprout is the taproot of your seeds and it will be its main stem. Once you see the taproot growing from the seeds, that’s the indication that your germination process is successful. By this point, refrain from touching the seed or the taproot since it can disrupt their development.
Proper Way of Transplanting Germinated Marijuana Seeds
When the germination stage passes and your marijuana seeds have grown their taproot, it’s time to transplant them to a growing medium of your choice. Just like how you treat your seeds during germination, you also need to be extremely careful when transplanting your little plants. Remember, they are not yet fully-grown which makes them powerless against stressful factors.
Follow the steps below to properly transplant your germinated marijuana seeds:
- Prepare the growing medium in which you will transfer your germinated seeds. You can start with small 2-inch pots since they are cheap and easy to access. What you need to do with the pots is to fill them with coarse and light potting soil. Then, place a hole in the middle, which is at least a quarter-inch down the soil using a pencil or pen.
- When your growing medium is ready, it is time to transfer the seeds. Using a pair of tweezers, slowly pick up the seeds and place them in your growing medium, specifically inside the hole. Make sure its taproot is facing downwards. Then, gently cover it with soil.
- Next, you need to water the soil using a spray bottle. This will provide moisture in all areas of the soil without the risk of drowning your seeds. Remember that you should only provide sufficient water to your seeds because overwatering them can kill the little sprout.
- Lastly, you need to check the moisture level and temperature of the soil to maintain the good condition of your seeds. After a week, you can expect the seedlings to start appearing in your growing medium.
Germinating Marijuana Seeds in a Water Cup
If you want a cool, new method to germinate your seeds, the following has a 100% success rate. Though the results may vary, just like what usually happens to the all-natural growing method, this one is easy which is perfect for first-time growers.
First, you need the following materials before you start:
- 1 plate
- a glass of distilled water
- paper towel
- pill bottle
A little reminder before you start with the method is you should always use distilled water.
- Never utilize tap water because it carries impurities that might harm your seeds. Lastly, see to it that your germinating space is situated inside an enclosed room that has a temperature of 18 to 25 °C. The following are the steps to follow on how to germinate marijuana seeds in a water cup:
- Place your seeds inside a cup or glass of distilled water. Some will instantly drop to the bottom while others will float. Leave them for a few hours until their shell is penetrated with water and then push them to the bottom of the cup/glass using your fingertips. Allow the seeds to soak for 15 – 18 hours. The soaking process will moisten the shell of the seeds which makes it easy for them to germinate.
- Get a thick dye-free paper towel and place it on top of a plate. Place the soaked seeds in the paper towel and position them with enough spaces around each other. Fold the paper towel to envelop the seeds.
- Place it in a warm and dim area until the seeds start to crack. Make sure the seeds are well-moisturized so check it every 5-12 hours and use a spray bottle to add water onto it.
- Be patient. Seeds may take seven days or longer to germinate. Remember that each seed has a different germination phase.
- Once the taproot begins to appear, you can transplant your germinated sprouts to your desired growing medium. Make sure the taproot is facing downwards when you plant it.
Most marijuana seeds take 1 to 2 days to germinate, while others take a week. This depends on the thickness of their shells. Each seed has different features and physical characteristics, hence the difference during the germination process. If you follow all the steps of the germination method we mentioned above, you can expect 80% success rate.
Knowing the right way of germinating your marijuana seeds is vital in starting your weed production. You can choose from all the methods we have provided above. Just make sure that you give your plants everything it needs including food, light, and water. They should also be kept in a growing space with proper levels of humidity and temperature.
Establishing an ideal environment for your plants will help you avoid obstacles along the way. Above all, be organized and precise. Place your seedlings, seeds, and clones in a clear jar and label them. This will help you avoid confusion and expensive mistakes as you learn how to germinate marijuana seeds. Now go and get your pot production going!