After Germinating Cannabis Seeds

germinating cannabis seeds

When your cannabis seeds have germinated, the next thing you will do is to take care your seedlings. Your marijuana plants are now starting their life cycle and they need a care from you because they are at a vulnerable stage.

First step after germination:

Provide your seedlings enough amount of sunlight after germination. Light plays an important role in growing cannabis and since its life is starting to grow, give them enough but not too much sunlight to let them progress.

Second step after germination:

Plan the process of transplanting
Soil or hydro? These are the questions you need to answer. You may transplant your seedling in soil if you will choose the soil as your growing medium. On the other hand, if you wanted to grow weeds hydroponically, start to prepare the setup for your hydroponics growing.

Third step after germination:

Choose the right growing container
Choosing a suitable container for your seedling is vital because it’s not good if you will transplant your cannabis plants many times. This will cause shock to your plants which may lead to a variety of issues like hermaphroditing or death of the plant . There are different containers available in garden stores and each has its own features that will give benefit to your plants.

Fourth step: Avoid application of fertilizer

Your seedlings will not need fertilizer yet, in fact, putting fertilizer to the soil will cause them to become sick. When you transplant your cannabis plants, choose a good soil which is naturally rich in nutrients and minerals.

Why Grow Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds?

growing autoflowering cannabis seeds

One of the most popular cannabis varieties that growers can’t get enough of is an autoflowering seeds. What makes this kind of cannabis seeds better is what we are going to discuss in this special article.

What are autoflowering seeds?

Autoflowering cannabis seeds or auto/autos are seeds that are genetically manipulated to be able to provide cannabis in the fastest time possible. Regular cannabis seeds need 3 month to grow and then another 3 months more to wait till you can harvest. This is a total of 6 months wait from bud to weed.  Autos are designed to grow in just three weeks and are ready for harvest in just 8 weeks. Technically, you can grow up to three times in a year depending on your location and of course more grow, more harvest and more profits for growers and suppliers. Autos are made to provide quality weed without the wait.

Special characteristics of auto seeds

Auto seeds are GMO. These are unique with characteristics that are not found in regular marijuana seeds.

  1. Auto seeds have the shortest life cycles and can be grown indoors, outdoors or in a greenhouse. It can be the seed of choice by growers with a lot of room outdoors or by growers that only cultivate their crops inside their homes, in grow closets or tents.
  2. Autoflowering seeds are “designed” to make short and small plants and are therefore ideal for stealth marijuana operations.
  3. The term “auto” or “automatic” describes the seed’s unique characteristics. It works on auto pilot to provide the shortest cycles with the best yields. It does not rely on shortened artificial or natural daylight to stimulate its flowering cycle. It is genetically designed to grow in just 8 to 10 weeks.
    Autoflowering cannabis seeds can grow even in inhospitable environments and unpredictable growing seasons in Northern Russia as well as Northern Canada.
  4. In countries where summers are too short for outdoor growing, autoflowering seeds allow growers to cultivate weed that can be harvested fast without worrying about extreme temperature changes.
  5. You cannot grow autoflowering plants from clones, only seeds. It’s therefore best to create your own autoflowering cannabis seeds so you don’t have to buy expensive seeds from online or local sellers.
  6. Autoflowering plants have these great characteristics but all in all, these are just like regular cannabis plants. Autos also need a lot of sunlight or artificial light to grow healthy and to yield large crops. These plants have huge energy requirements so these should have a constant supply of water and organic plant food.
  7. Autoflowering plants will automatically grow and be ready for harvest in the least possible time and therefore are very vulnerable to stress. From transplanting your plant from a small cup to a large pot to bending your plant to train it can stress your autos and affect its yield. All-in-all, this plant needs TLC from its vegetative stage to harvest stage.

Why more grow autoflowering cannabis seeds?

There are a lot of reasons why most growers grow only autoflowering seeds in their grow space. Here are the most popular ones:

  • You can grow several times a year

With regular weed you can only grow only once a year. Because cannabis does not like cold weather you won’t be able to grow at all during the cold season outdoors when you use regular seeds. With autos, you can grow up to three times a year because of its 8 to 10 –week growing cycle. You will also be able to grow indoors which can also massively increase your chances of getting better yield and grow volume.

  • You can get good profit

No need to explain that you can double and even triple your profit when you use autoflowering seeds. Imagine being able to grow weed three times a year depending on where you are located and compare this to growing regular weed only once a year. So if you are looking to make more money on your cannabis operations then you must grow only autoflowering cannabis seeds.

  • You can grow even in a small space or grow closet

Because you can grow autos in just about anywhere and still get the best yield it is recommended for growers who just don’t have enough space. Do you know that there are people who can grow weed from their window sills? Some can even use an old refrigerator or a wine cabinet as a small grow closet complete with ventilation, artificial lights and filters. Therefore you can be in the city or in the country and still be able to grow weed for personal use or profit from selling it.

  • You can never make a mistake

One thing about autos is that you can never make a mistake when growing it. Its unique characteristics are ingrained it its genes. You won’t have to undergo training, although it helps, just to grow autos for personal use. There are also a lot of reference materials, self-help books, online videos from growers and e books that can help you out.

  • Even novice growers can handle it

This is the kind of cannabis for new, first-time growers because you can’t make a mistake when growing auto cannabis. You can buy seeds from almost everywhere online and from local sellers too so it won’t have to be a huge ordeal to acquire seeds.

  • You can grow weed stealthily

And possibly the best thing about auto seeds is that you can grow stealthily. Because it grows without worries, as long as it gets a lot of light all day and has all the things that it needs to grow, it can thrive even in covert environments. This is the seed of choice for growing in small tents, small grow rooms, basements and in makeshift growing operations where the plant’s environment can be easily controlled.

Why Germinate Cannabis Seeds in the Dark

germinate cannabis seeds dark

According to experts in the marijuana industry, cannabis seeds are best to germinate if they will be placed in the dark. The main reason why this is effective and true is the fact that light may trigger and act as a hindrance to the germination of your seeds.

Why is darkness more suitable for seed germination?

You may hear the phrase “on and off” in seed germination. Phytochrome Red or Pr is a pigment that will absorb red lights, this pigment is usually found in leaves. However, seeds have also Pr which enable them to react when they will receive light. Under the light, your marijuana seeds will absorb other light’s spectrum which will cause the hormones to release alterations of its biological functions. As a result, your marijuana seeds will turn on and off thus delaying its germination and sometimes will make the seeds dormant.

This is why seeds have to be germinated in the dark.

What are the other factors to consider in germinating seeds?

Aside from darkness, there are several factors also which you need to consider to successfully germinate your marijuana seeds. These are water, oxygen, and temperature.

• Water
Water is a requirement for the germination of seeds. Water will give enough moist to your seeds but make sure it will not lead to soaking as well.
• Oxygen
Marijuana seeds will require oxygen for its metabolic process. The oxygen will let your seeds breathe properly thus it will support its growth and development under the soil or in any medium you use for germination. This is why its important to make sure the seeds are ventilated and have air flow during germination.
• Temperature
All seeds have desired temperature to germinate. In the case of cannabis seed germination, it has a range of temperature required to germinate. Above or below the range will hinder its germination. 70 degrees Fahrenheit – 90 degrees Fahrenheit (21°C – 32°C).

Once you have successfully completed the germination process and have grown some plants your ready for the flowering stage of the cannabis plant after a few weeks.

Are Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds Easy to Grow?

autoflowering cannabis plant

First of all, let us talk all about what autoflowering cannabis seeds are. What is it really? Autoflowering cannabis is fairly easy to understand. They do not depend on light cycle to fully grow and mature. Only time is the determining factor when it comes to autoflowering cannabis. Therefore, for autoflowering cannabis, they begin flowering all on their own after a vegetative period of around 2 to 4 weeks which is pretty short considering. Autoflowering cannabis strains were founded when breeders took the species of Cannabis ruderalis and made hybrids from it. Lets take a look at the pros and cons of growing autoflowering cannabis seeds.

If you are an outdoor grower, your autoflowering marijuana plants will flower on their own no matter how many hours of daylight they are exposed to. Therefore you do not have to worry whether or not your plants have received the appropriate amount of daylight which is really dependent on the seasons. This also means that you can plant several batches without worrying if you can harvest on time. Germination is also straight forward like any other type of cannabis.

If you are an indoor grower, the same thing will happen. Your autoflowering cannabis plants will grow on their own and will reach full maturity at around 3 months from the point of germination. At this point they are ready to start flowering. This is what makes these types of seeds very desirable for growers who want to harvest quickly and who want to plant several grows in a year.

When you expose your autoflowering plants to sunlight around 12 hours a day, they would still grow bigger buds in quite a short amount of time. Also, one of the good things about growing autoflowering cannabis seeds is that they grow to be small which means that you would not have a hard time in hiding them from prying eyes.

Germination Method to Sprout Cannabis Seeds

germinating cannabis seeds

So now that you have chosen the right cannabis seed strain that you want to grow, it is now time to start planting. But before you decide to cover your seeds in soil or with any other growing medium that you desire, you need to know how to germinate them first.

Germination is done in order to begin growing and sprouting the roots so that you will start strong. Germination is triggered in cannabis seeds when they are exposed to moisture. So in order to do the germination properly, you would need to expose them to a warm and moist place. But note that too much water exposure can drown them or cause molds to grow on the surface.

So experts say that the best way to germinate your seeds is to do it in a two step process. The first step is to pre-soak them in a glass of water. Soaking your cannabis seeds in a glass of water before germination has two purposes. One is that you are prepping them so that they get enough moisture before germinating and the second one is to test the viability of all of your seeds. the water you use should be purified. Add in your seeds and let it sit for around 24 hours in a warm and dark place. The seeds that sink to the bottom are the good ones while the ones that float are likely not to germinate.

The second step is to use the paper towel method to enable germination. Dampen the paper towel with purified water just enough so that it is not dripping. Place the good seeds in the middle of the paper towel then fold them inside. Then store the damp paper towel with seeds inside a resealable bag and store in a warm and dark place. Check daily to see if the tap root has come out yet.

Germinate Marijuana Seeds Instead of Planting Them

Marijuana Seeds

So you’ve already purchased new seeds or maybe procured them from your old marijuana plants. Now it’s time to decide what type of germination method to use. There are lots of ways you could choose from when germinating your marijuana seeds. On the other hand, you could choose to plant them directly to the dirt as well. But if you ask most expert marijuana growers, most of them would say that it is best to germinate them before planting into the growing medium. Why don’t we go ahead and see the differences between the two and decide from there? Shall we?

The Paper Towel Method

First of all, you must be aware that all marijuana seeds need in order to germinate are warmth, enough water and a dark place. When you provide the proper amount of water or moisture to your seeds, the little roots inside of the seed sense the presence of water and seek out in order to look for that moisture. This is how they sprout.

So now let’s get on to the part of the paper towel method. This is the most common and also perhaps the most popular method to germinate cannabis seeds. It’s fairly easy to do as well. All you have to do is put your seeds on a damp paper towel. Make sure it is just damp but not wet. Remember that too much water and too little water will kill off your seeds. Keeping your seeds wet will not enable the root to go out of the seed’s outer shell because it is kept happily wet inside. Not keeping it damp or leaving it dry will kill them in the process as well. So make sure to find the balance between the two. When you feel like the paper towel is getting dry, put a few droplets of water on it and you will be all set for the next few hours.

Planting Directly in Soil

Another way to germinate your marijuana seeds is just to plant them directly in soil. But before doing this, you have to soak your seeds in water first for a few hours in order to activate the seeds. When you’ve done this step, you could go ahead and plant the seeds directly on to the dirt with up to 5 or 10 millimeters deep. Make sure not to exceed this range as planting the seeds too shallow will make for weaker plants that do not have a firm hold on to the growing medium. This will cause the plant to dry out eventually. And when you plant the seed too deep, it will not have exposure to light therefore it will die out even before it starts to sprout.

However, when you choose to plant your marijuana seeds directly in dirt, you expose them to a tendency of invasion by microorganisms or other pests. The most common ones include fungi, molds and bugs. Soil, being a carrier of multiple good and bad microorganisms in itself exposes your marijuana seeds to these risks. Therefore if you want to grow a strong plant and have a great start to your marijuana harvesting goals in the future, the better way to choose is by germinating the seeds first before transplanting or repotting.

 

Autoflowering Strains Topping Grow Guide

autoflowering strains topping and fiming

The problem with growing cannabis is that these plants usually grow like a Christmas tree and take up a lot of space. Cannabis plants tend to grow with just one main bud which is a natural response of the plant to create the best bud for pollination. Too much room for just one main bud and imagine if you had only a dozen plants in your indoor grow area. By the time you harvest, you will have a dozen Christmas trees with very little yield. This is why most growers use special techniques to train cannabis plants to grow more than one main bud and two of the most popular techniques are topping and FIMing.

Topping and FIMing Explained

How topping is done

Topping is basically cutting the entire main bud of a young cannabis plant and then stressing the remaining part of the plant to create two main buds. Topping is done during the plant’s vegetative state when its branches are still soft to manipulate.

Topping is done when the plant is very young and only has 3 to 5 nodes or sets of leaves. The cut is made directly above the leaves of the second node removing the newest node completely. The plant will then transfer its energy to two new main buds. The two new buds or colas form a V and can be easily bent and opened wide. The plant will eventually try to compensate by growing two colas and then after a few weeks you can top it off again to create 4 total buds. Plants will grow bushier after topping and it will now spread its energy more evenly in the entire body of the plant, not just concentrate it in one bud.

How To Top Autoflowering Cannabis Plants

A lot of growers are against topping autos since this is serious stress to the plant that is designed to grow in just 3 weeks and ready for harvest in just 8 weeks. It just has no time to recuperate after a huge loss. But still some growers use topping to create more yields despite using an autoflowering plant. They say that the plant will continue to use all its energy to develop two main colas and it’s just missing a few days from harvest time. With more cola, it’s going to be double the yield by the time the plant is ready for harvest.

  1. Choose the best young plant to top. It has to be a plant that has only 3 to 5 nodes present in total.
  2. Locate the main cola and the leaves of the second node. You will be making a cut along the space in between the main cola and the second node or the second set of leaves from the top.
  3. Make the cut. Afterwards, allow the plant to recuperate for a while.
  4. Use strings to bend the two new colas; these have to spread wide.
  5. You can repeat this process about a few weeks later on the two new colas so that you can have 4 total new colas.

How FIMing is done

FIM is short for “F**k I Missed” which is cutting the new or main cola from the top of the bud creating a mowed top. It is a less stressful version of topping and may also be called pinching. FIMing will only pinch or remove a small part on the top of the plant and this will result in four new main nodes. Just like topping, FIMing will make plants grow bushier until the four new nodes will become stronger.

FIMing a plant is also a good way to allow the plant to spread and not stretch out and weaken its stems. After successfully FIMing a plant you can now lower your lights and let the crop get as much light as they need to proceed with their 8 week harvest deadline.

  1. Select the young plant that you will FIM. It has to be a plant that has three to five nodes in total.
  2. Locate the newest node which usually rests on the top most part of the plant.
  3. Cut the topmost part of the cola to create a mowed top look. The cut will just be enough to separate the cola into four different new nodes.
  4. Carefully hold the newly cut part and bend the new nodes. It may be too early to distinguish the four new colas so constantly monitor this plant and apply gentle pressure to distinguish the new nodes.

Pinch or cut in FIMing

So do you pinch the main cola or do you cut it? Pinching leaves damaged parts of the plant on the plant which can still be used by the plant until the harvesting stage. Cutting cuts clean so there are no parts left that can be utilized. FIM only a very small amount of the main cola; pinch the tips of the leaves that have not stretched out yet.

Once an initial FIM has already taken shape and the plant has completely recovered, you may decide to FIM again if you want to make your plants bushier and you want to establish a desired shape.

Topping vs FIMing

Almost all growers agree that FIMing puts less stress to a cannabis plant especially autoflowering plants. FIMing creates 4 nodes with less stress to plants while topping chops off the entire main cola to produce only two new colas. Definitely very stressful to a young plant. The only time topping should be used is to control overgrowth since it stops plant growth considerably in a short period of time.

Almost all marijuana plants respond well to FIMing but to make sure, do your research or contact other growers for updated information. In all cases, topping and FIMing should only be done by expert growers. There are many other techniques on how to improve yield; use passive stress techniques rather than high stress strategies to improve yield without   sacrificing the well-being of your young plants.

Should I Pollinate My Female Marijuana Plants?

pollinate female cannabis plants

To pollinate, or not to pollinate. That is the question, isn’t it? Well, it could be the question for marijuana growers who are torn between breeding marijuana plants or harvesting smokable weed. But before we get to the actual answer to that burning question, let us first explore the anatomy of the marijuana flower. And then we will get into the pollination process itself.

Anatomy of the marijuana flower

First let us talk about the cola. The cola is the main flowering site of the marijuana plant. In other words, it is where marijuana buds bloom. And the main cola for a single marijuana plant is the topmost bud. One cola is composed of several buds. Before the female marijuana plant reaches the complete flowering stage, the cola comprises of several sub-units that are getting ready to bloom new buds. A bud is composed of several single female flowers. Another name for a female flower is the pistil. And on the pistil you could find stigmas which are the main sites for pollination.

The pollination process

When you have male and female marijuana plants together in one growing room or grouped together in an outdoor growing area, chances are pollination will definitely occur. Male marijuana plants carry the pollen. And when these pollens are carried over to the female plants’ female flowers, it will latch on to the stigma and pollination then happens. When this happens, seeds are produced which can be planted for the next growing cycle.

To pollinate or not to pollinate

Now that you have learned all about the anatomy of the female marijuana flower and the process of pollination, the question still stands: should you pollinate the female marijuana plants or not? The answer to this burning question is simple: it all depends on what you want to do. See, pollination of female marijuana plants is for those people who want to grow marijuana plants for breeding purposes. This means that if you want to produce seeds to sell or just to plant for the next growing cycle, you should decide to pollinate your female plants.

However, if the goal of your marijuana g rowing endeavors is to produce good quality and smokable weed, you should avoid pollination at all costs. Therefore, when you have determined the sex of your young plants that you’ve grown from seeds, whether they are male or female, you should immediately separate the male ones from the female ones. This will make sure that you avoided pollination to ensure a good harvest of buds in the end.

But if you want to avoid buying and looking for good quality seeds again and again at the beginning of each growing cycle, you could try doing a little of each. Once you’ve identified the males from the females, you could get rid of most of the males and transfer a few of them together with a few other female marijuana plants in a different room. You will then have a group of purely female plants to harvest weed from and another group that would produce good quality seeds for the next growing season. Doing this however will make you double up of resources and growing gear. So everything is entirely up to you, really.

Autoflowering Marijuana Growing Tips you Want to Know

autoflowering marijuana growing

If you are a first time grower of autoflowering marijuana seeds, Here are some tips you can bear in mind to get you started.

  1. Choose the correct time window
  2. In most places, the best time to plant autoflowering marijuana outdoors is during spring where the minimum temperature starts at 58 ⁰F. This is best to do between May and June. Make sure not to plant or transplant them too soon outdoors in order to avoid premature flowering. Autoflowering strains usually begin to flower at the two or three week mark. Therefore it is best to plant them during the suggested period to make sure they get as much light exposure as they can by the time it starts flowering.
  3. 2. During the early stages
  4. To ensure that your harvests will be good with autoflowering seeds, make sure that you store the seeds properly in the first place. The best advisable place to store them in is a clean refrigerator with temperatures between 41 ⁰F to 46 ⁰F under low humidity conditions.The best way to perform germination is to soak your autoflowering seeds in a glass of purified water. Make sure that the pH of the water you are soaking in is between 5.5 to 6.0. If you do not have purified water on hand, you could use tap water but make sure to leave it out for at least 24 hours before using so that the chlorine will have time to evaporate.
  5. 3. Subject plants to the right growing conditions
  6. In order to grow the proper way, autoflowering marijuana plants, like regular marijuana plants, need the right conditions. The humidity might be easy to overlook but it is one of the most important factors. Make sure humidity levels around your plants are more or less at 80% during the seedling stage. Then 55% during the vegetative stage and switch to a higher 70% again when flowering is about to begin.
  7. 4. About growing media
  8. It is a well established fact that plants need as much as they can get in terms of oxygen. Also, it is important that the growing medium retain water for proper nutrient absorption. Therefore you need a growing medium that has good aeration and good water retention. Examples of growing media that accomplish these factors include expanded clay pellets, coco coir and perlite. And whichever growing medium you choose among these examples, just make sure that you maintain the pH at around 6.0 to 6.5 for optimum growth
  9. 5. Proper watering practices
  10. People may tend to overlook it, but the right watering practices matter much to marijuana plants. Some people think that the more water they pour into the plants, the better. But that is most definitely not the case. Overwatering is a popularly overlooked but serious problem. When you put too much water on your plants, they become suffocated with too much water and therefore result in improper nutrient absorption.There is a popular rule of thumb when it comes to watering marijuana plants. Water only when the top layer of the soil or growing media you are using becomes dry. And you’ll know that you have poured in the right amount when only a fifth of the water you poured in comes out at the bottom of the pot.So there you have it, these are just some tips to remember to get you started on growing autoflowering marijuana seeds.

Every decision is up to what you want your end result to be. The key here is to take care of your plants properly and pay attention to their needs. Marijuana plants are more sensitive to growing conditions than any other plants, and autoflowering marijuana plants are even more so.