Growing Cannabis Plants Indoor: Guide for Beginners

growing cannabis indoors

Growing cannabis indoors is no longer difficult today. The market is now full of strains bred to grow successfully indoors. People are calling them the best indoor cannabis seeds.

These strains thrive well indoors and respond well to different growing methods. If you’ve never cultivated weed indoors before, then it’s time for you to get started. Please read on and know these simple recommendations that can help you make your first attempt a success. 

 

Where Should You Grow Cannabis Indoors?

One of the simplest ways to start here is to grow your plants in a purpose-built indoor grow tent that is widely available today online from various sellers. It is a sturdy tent that you can easily assemble and use after a few minutes. It is also lightproof. It comes with the needed holes for air extraction and cables.  An indoor grow tent costs around $100 to $500 for the basic model.

 

Should You Grow Your Plants Hydroponically or in Soil?

Weed can grow successfully in many ways. Maybe, the easiest method to grow cannabis indoors is to do it in soil. However, cannabis can also grow well when you use clay pebbles, coco fiber, rockwool, and other hydroponic systems without soil. 

Whatever growing medium you choose, the key to success in growing cannabis indoors is to help the roots get the oxygen and nutrients they need. 

 

Soil for Simplicity

Growing cannabis in a hydroponic system can offer excellent results. However, the extra technical aspects involved such as the pH level and electrical conductivity can be a little confusing for first-time cannabis growers. Since you are new to cannabis cultivation, it is best for you to get started by using soil instead of any hydroponic system. 

 

The Quality of the Soil

The easiest way to begin growing cannabis indoors is to buy a ready-to-use soil for cannabis cultivation. This product comes from various companies, so feel free to choose a brand but make sure you go for a reputable one. 

That is not the cheapest way to get started but is the simplest because everything has been done for your convenience. Also, you are more certain of the result. 

In growing cannabis indoors by using soil, you can also use something like soil additives that can help maximize the yields. If you prefer compost, add 30% perlite that promotes root aeration. If possible, add worm castings or light soil enhancers like bat guano. Also, make sure you plant the best indoor cannabis seeds by using big pot containers. You can use at least 4 to 5 gallons.

You have nothing to worry regarding nutrient deficiencies and bad pH levels. Your number one concern here is to water your plants lightly twice every week. Perhaps you can add some liquid feed at the end of the flowering stage if the nutrients in the soil are getting worn-out. 

Be sure not to overwater and overfeed your cannabis plants as they can cause stunted growth and decreased yield. In worse cases, these common issues lead cannabis plants to death. 

 

Temperature

Make sure also that your grow room maintains the right temperature. The ideal temperature for growing cannabis indoors is around 77 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature goes more than 86 degrees Fahrenheit or less than 68 degrees Fahrenheit, your plants will start to grow slowly. It can even lead to other issues.

 

Ventilation

If you grow cannabis in a tent, you must release the air from it. You can use a special type of fan that can absorb the air through the tubes that are typically 4” in diameter. The air must pass through the carbon filter which will remove the traces of natural weed odor. 

The extracted air is typically vented outdoors or in a well-ventilated attic. Experienced cannabis growers are using ozone generators in removing even the slightest, lingering smell of cannabis. 

If you’re growing cannabis indoors, you should use carbon filters. Marijuana plants require a consistent supply of clean and fresh air to keep the plants healthy and thrive successfully. 

 

Choosing a Strain

You’ll get two choices here. You can either grow auto seeds or just settle for the regular photoperiod seeds. The autoflowering seeds will take 7 weeks to sprout and grow into mature, high-yield plants. These seeds grow under a 20/4 light cycle, which means 20 hours of light and 4 hours of darkness. 

Traditional strains often grow under 18 hours of life and 6 hours of darkness. This setup is ideal for the vegetative phase in which your plants grow roots, leaves, and branches without buds. 

Usually, most cannabis growers change the light cycle into 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness after 4 to 5 weeks. It causes the marijuana plant to go and reach the flowering phase and produce those THC-rich buds. 

Generally, the flowering time for cannabis plants takes 8 to 12 weeks, except for the auto seeds that often take 6 to 7 weeks to flower. It may also depend on the strain. 

When the buds are ready to harvest, growers cut the mature plant, and trim and dry buds in a few days. They often cure the buds in a glass jar for one to two months that will make them more flavorful. 

Marijuana plants can be male and female but only the female plants can produce buds. When buying cannabis seeds for indoor growing, look for feminized seeds to be sure that all your seeds will grow into female plants. 

Novice growers like you should be more careful when buying cannabis seeds. Make sure they originate from a reliable seed company.

According to GrowersNetwork.org, there are many good seed companies out there. The best thing to do is look for those established companies that have good customer reviews to be sure of the seeds’ quality. 

After Germinating Cannabis Seeds

germinating cannabis seeds

When your cannabis seeds have germinated, the next thing you will do is to take care your seedlings. Your marijuana plants are now starting their life cycle and they need a care from you because they are at a vulnerable stage.

First step after germination:

Provide your seedlings enough amount of sunlight after germination. Light plays an important role in growing cannabis and since its life is starting to grow, give them enough but not too much sunlight to let them progress.

Second step after germination:

Plan the process of transplanting
Soil or hydro? These are the questions you need to answer. You may transplant your seedling in soil if you will choose the soil as your growing medium. On the other hand, if you wanted to grow weeds hydroponically, start to prepare the setup for your hydroponics growing.

Third step after germination:

Choose the right growing container
Choosing a suitable container for your seedling is vital because it’s not good if you will transplant your cannabis plants many times. This will cause shock to your plants which may lead to a variety of issues like hermaphroditing or death of the plant . There are different containers available in garden stores and each has its own features that will give benefit to your plants.

Fourth step: Avoid application of fertilizer

Your seedlings will not need fertilizer yet, in fact, putting fertilizer to the soil will cause them to become sick. When you transplant your cannabis plants, choose a good soil which is naturally rich in nutrients and minerals.

Why Grow Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds?

growing autoflowering cannabis seeds

One of the most popular cannabis varieties that growers can’t get enough of is an autoflowering seeds. What makes this kind of cannabis seeds better is what we are going to discuss in this special article.

What are autoflowering seeds?

Autoflowering cannabis seeds or auto/autos are seeds that are genetically manipulated to be able to provide cannabis in the fastest time possible. Regular cannabis seeds need 3 month to grow and then another 3 months more to wait till you can harvest. This is a total of 6 months wait from bud to weed.  Autos are designed to grow in just three weeks and are ready for harvest in just 8 weeks. Technically, you can grow up to three times in a year depending on your location and of course more grow, more harvest and more profits for growers and suppliers. Autos are made to provide quality weed without the wait.

Special characteristics of auto seeds

Auto seeds are GMO. These are unique with characteristics that are not found in regular marijuana seeds.

  1. Auto seeds have the shortest life cycles and can be grown indoors, outdoors or in a greenhouse. It can be the seed of choice by growers with a lot of room outdoors or by growers that only cultivate their crops inside their homes, in grow closets or tents.
  2. Autoflowering seeds are “designed” to make short and small plants and are therefore ideal for stealth marijuana operations.
  3. The term “auto” or “automatic” describes the seed’s unique characteristics. It works on auto pilot to provide the shortest cycles with the best yields. It does not rely on shortened artificial or natural daylight to stimulate its flowering cycle. It is genetically designed to grow in just 8 to 10 weeks.
    Autoflowering cannabis seeds can grow even in inhospitable environments and unpredictable growing seasons in Northern Russia as well as Northern Canada.
  4. In countries where summers are too short for outdoor growing, autoflowering seeds allow growers to cultivate weed that can be harvested fast without worrying about extreme temperature changes.
  5. You cannot grow autoflowering plants from clones, only seeds. It’s therefore best to create your own autoflowering cannabis seeds so you don’t have to buy expensive seeds from online or local sellers.
  6. Autoflowering plants have these great characteristics but all in all, these are just like regular cannabis plants. Autos also need a lot of sunlight or artificial light to grow healthy and to yield large crops. These plants have huge energy requirements so these should have a constant supply of water and organic plant food.
  7. Autoflowering plants will automatically grow and be ready for harvest in the least possible time and therefore are very vulnerable to stress. From transplanting your plant from a small cup to a large pot to bending your plant to train it can stress your autos and affect its yield. All-in-all, this plant needs TLC from its vegetative stage to harvest stage.

Why more grow autoflowering cannabis seeds?

There are a lot of reasons why most growers grow only autoflowering seeds in their grow space. Here are the most popular ones:

  • You can grow several times a year

With regular weed you can only grow only once a year. Because cannabis does not like cold weather you won’t be able to grow at all during the cold season outdoors when you use regular seeds. With autos, you can grow up to three times a year because of its 8 to 10 –week growing cycle. You will also be able to grow indoors which can also massively increase your chances of getting better yield and grow volume.

  • You can get good profit

No need to explain that you can double and even triple your profit when you use autoflowering seeds. Imagine being able to grow weed three times a year depending on where you are located and compare this to growing regular weed only once a year. So if you are looking to make more money on your cannabis operations then you must grow only autoflowering cannabis seeds.

  • You can grow even in a small space or grow closet

Because you can grow autos in just about anywhere and still get the best yield it is recommended for growers who just don’t have enough space. Do you know that there are people who can grow weed from their window sills? Some can even use an old refrigerator or a wine cabinet as a small grow closet complete with ventilation, artificial lights and filters. Therefore you can be in the city or in the country and still be able to grow weed for personal use or profit from selling it.

  • You can never make a mistake

One thing about autos is that you can never make a mistake when growing it. Its unique characteristics are ingrained it its genes. You won’t have to undergo training, although it helps, just to grow autos for personal use. There are also a lot of reference materials, self-help books, online videos from growers and e books that can help you out.

  • Even novice growers can handle it

This is the kind of cannabis for new, first-time growers because you can’t make a mistake when growing auto cannabis. You can buy seeds from almost everywhere online and from local sellers too so it won’t have to be a huge ordeal to acquire seeds.

  • You can grow weed stealthily

And possibly the best thing about auto seeds is that you can grow stealthily. Because it grows without worries, as long as it gets a lot of light all day and has all the things that it needs to grow, it can thrive even in covert environments. This is the seed of choice for growing in small tents, small grow rooms, basements and in makeshift growing operations where the plant’s environment can be easily controlled.

What are Feminized Marijuana Seeds

feminized marijuana seeds

Planting a marijuana is not a simple task. As a matter of fact, even the expert or professional cannabis growers still finds marijuana hard to grow because of some instances such as unexpected stress and diseases that may possibly encounter during the growing period of your marijuana plant. Feminized marijuana seeds make this process much easier.

But since there are tons of easy ways on how to grow a marijuana plant such as the creation of feminized seeds, many were still choosing to grow their own marijuana instead of buying the ready to use cannabis. But what is a feminized marijuana seed? Why does it help in making your journey to growing a marijuana much easier to deal with?

Well, the answer here is very simple. Many cannabis growers were choosing to grow feminized marijuana seeds because this special seed will give you a chance to harvest all female cannabis plants. That means, there will be no male cannabis plants in your garden because feminized seeds were bred using two female cannabis plants – the first female was manipulated to produce her own pollen sacs the same with the male plants, while the other female plant will be the one to bear the pollen.

In short, feminized seeds is the answer to all your worries about growing male and hermaphrodite cannabis plants. Although there are small chances that you will be able to grow some hermies when using feminized seeds due to stressful conditions, you can still be sure that you will be able to get female cannabis plants and not male cannabis.

So all in all, if you want to avoid the hassle of growing regular seeds and also to save time waiting for the gender of your cannabis plants, better choose to grow feminized seeds because with this type of seed, you will get an assurance that your harvested marijuana will be all female most especially if you will take good care of your marijuana plants.

Finding Time to Grow Cannabis

time to grow cannabis

Many of us have asked ourselves the question “do I have the time to grow cannabis plants”? The answer would be a yes! If you find the proper balance between work and other activities with growing marijuana then you can still be able to grow them. You just need to manage your time well and take a look at these hacks that would definitely work for a busy grower like you. Much of it can be automated with a grow setup which will help you take care of the plants at every stage.

Growing setups can save you time

To start with, you can opt for a growing setup that will save you time. For example, if you have the luxury of space and good weather to grow outdoors then do it. Growing outdoors will save you much more time compared to indoor growing. When you grow indoors, you need to do everything you can to simulate natural growing conditions. As for outdoors, you can sit back and let nature do it for you.

Another way to save time is to use super soil. Super soil is a common term for soil that is already amended and composted. It is especially formulated to give your marijuana plants enough stability so that they won’t need constant adjustment of pH and addition of nutrients.

Time saving cannabis strains

Certain strains are more difficult to grow than others. Some are auto flower strains and some have to be triggered to flower.

One of the key things to consider if you’re a busy grower is to choose the right strain. The strain you wish to plant should not require much more time than you could actually spare. There are many strains you could choose from that are especially bred to be easy to grow. These strains are much more resilient when it comes to extreme heat, cold and humidity. They are also strong enough to stand watering issues. These strains are as tough as they can get but will still provide you with desirable yields. One much recommended strain, especially if you’re a beginner, is Northern Lights.

How to Cut Cannabis Clones

cutting cannabis clones

What are Cannabis Clones?

This process is done to make a smaller copy of a particular cannabis plant. A clone is a particular part of a cannabis plant that is cut and by planting, it then grows roots and becomes a new plant.
There is particularly one reason why people clone plants. Most of the users wanted to restore the plant’s gene quality through duplication of the said plant instead of breeding. Basically, if your plant is female, then most likely your cloned plant is female as needed for cannabis cultivation.

Cutting to Generate Cannabis Clones

The most critical part of planting cannabis clones is cutting a mother plant. Nonetheless, you need to remember a lot of things related to these in order to successfully cut your cannabis plants. The following includes;
You should have sharp scissors or Fiskars prepared before start cutting cannabis plants. Employing a dull scissor could harm your cannabis plant and clone.

You can grow your clones to a mature and healthy cannabis plant. An indication of plant’s maturity is its leaves. If it goes alternating and branching, then the plant is most likely ready to be cloned.

It is best to cut the part where new branching occurs or when young leaves are starting to sprout into the top of the plant. Cut a few inches about 5-8 inches or 10-20 cm long from the top of the plant.
It is important to cut the plant 45 degrees away to maximize the potential root growth as needed during cultivation.

If possible, cut plants at those lower half branches or portions of the cannabis plant. These parts are said to have the most root growth hormone making it grow faster as needed.
Remember that after cutting your plant, place the trimmed part immediately into a clean glass full of water. This will help the clone start to grow roots.

Determining the Sex of Your Cannabis Plant

sex of cannabis plants

If you are not growing a feminized seed, then there’s a chance that the plants that you are cultivating will be either a male or female. Nonetheless, if you desire to smoke out your cannabis plants, then it is important to grow over feminized plants to produce buds.

If a male plant is grown in combination with female plants, there’s an increasing probability of seed production. That is why identifying the sex of your cannabis immediately is essential to ensure buds instead of seeds. Though, it will be a difficult process since the gender of the plant is relatively unidentifiable during its pre-flowering phase.

To help you out, here are some things that you could examine in order to determine readily the sex of your plants.

Examine the plant’s characteristics
This isn’t a reliable judgment but has proven to be helpful in determining the sex of your cannabis plant. Female cannabis plants have more complicated branching along the seedling to the vegetative phases of the plant as compared to a male plant. Also, males tend to be much taller as compared to female plants.

Using a similar method you can also help determine the strain of your cannabis plant.

Maturity Duration
Males generally reach sexual maturity two to three weeks ahead of female cannabis plants. At this point, the male will grow taller and produce pollen sacs for which you could be identifying as bud along the process

Pistils and Flowers
Generally, all cannabis plants produce flowers. The only difference between the two genders likewise is its main indicators. Pollen sacs which form white little flowers could be identified as male. Whereas, hairy and whitish sticky pistils are generated into a female plant. Nonetheless, after identifying the gender of the plants, its best to eliminate directly the male plants to avoid pollination

Cloning the Plants
This has been proven to be a useful method for determining the gender of your cannabis plants. Likewise, all you need to do is to clone over your plant and force it to flower by exposing the plant to 12-hour darkness. Upon budding, you’ll identify immediately the gender of the plant

Common Problems Marijuana Growers Face

common problems marijuana growers

The following are several problems that growers commonly face.

1) Nutrient problems

Roots
The role of roots includes the absorption of water and nutrients to supply the need of the whole plants. However, roots are also not exempted to some certain problems in which every grower must pay attention with.

Sometimes your roots packed too tightly in your plant’s container. This situation is not good since your roots have not enough space to move and grow.A simple way to solve this is to massage the roots so they become loose before packing them in soil.

Another problem that may occur with roots is its lack of strength. This sign might be due to the of lack of oxygen. Not enough oxygen will weaken the root system.

Stems
Branches which are leaning down. Fortunately this has, an easy solution in which anyone can do. Just like leaning branches, a broken branch has also a simple fix. By putting the branch back in place and wrapping the broken area with lightly adhesive tape or something else that will hold the are together which can be taken off later. If the branch is breaking because of weight, its possible to hold the branch up by using string to tie it to something high above that will support it.

Branches and stems which are too long and thin are also not healthy.

Leaves are curling and turning into yellow
When your leaves turn yellow and curl there is a big possibility that your weeds are sick, make sure to attend to this right away.

The way to tend to yellowing leaves is to find out why the plants are yellowing in the first place. The most common reason this happens because of over watering or under watering.

Another reason could be that the PH level is off. This can be solved with a simple test kit to find out what the PH level is and correcting the PH level issue if that’s the case.

2) Poor ventilation
Many growers fail to give their weeds a good ventilation and end up facing problems which are related to poor ventilation. If your weeds cannot breathe properly, they will end up closing their stomata which will cause so much destruction.

3) Incorrect temperature
Too high or too low temperature is another common problem faced by many growers. This is why you need to provide a thermometer to measure the temperature of your grow room from time to time.

Another issue that growers may face is figuring out what sex their cannabis plant is. This is actually very important to know if your growing multiple plants together. If you have male plants and female plants together, the female plant can become fertilized and won’t produce any flower. Find out how to determine the sex of your cannabis plant.

What Nutrients are Required to Grow Cannabis

nutrients require to grow cannabis

Like any typical living thing here on earth, cannabis plants thrive on minerals and nutrients to grow well. Without the presence of even one of these nutrients, the growth and development of your cannabis plants will be compromised. It is a major requirement that your plants should be supplied with enough of these nutrients to grow well. Fertilizer, either using too much, the wrong time, the wrong kind or not enough is a common problem that marijuana growers have. Much of the process for people learning to grow is trial and error while looking for the best advice on how to solve problems that arise.

The Fertilizer Elements to Grow Cannabis

Fertilizer is made of nutrients that are most needed for your plants to grow and develop. Not just with cannabis plants but all plants. The nutrients in fertilizer are comprised of three primary components that your plants need for it to grow healthily. The elements that are often incorporated into fertilizers are the following:

Nitrogen (N)
Nitrogen is important for the growth and development of the tissues of the cannabis plants. Likewise, it encourages leaf growth and plays an important role in the process of photosynthesis specifically in the production of chlorophyll.
Phosphorus (P)
Phosphorous is mainly important for bud production. Likewise, the nutrient encourages cell division and development of new tissues. This is also a component of the nucleic acid into plants which maintains the protein synthesis.
Potassium (K)
Potassium is an essential nutrient that plants need to develop a rigid structure. It promotes the growth and development of the root system of the plants. It must consume large amounts to induce reproduction of the plants.

When to Apply these Nutrients to Growing Cannabis

In most instances, these nutrients exist as a fertilizer. Likewise, you could order it through agricultural or botanical shops as needed. Also, these nutrients could be put upon by obtaining a compost into your plants. But nonetheless, let’s examine at what part of the plant cycle where it would be most required.
Vegetative Stage
For this phase, nitrogen is most needed by your plant to grow and develop. You could employ nutrient fertilizers with NPK ratios of 3-2-4 or 9-3-6 to establish a good growth for your plants.
Flowering Stage
At this stage, nitrogen should be lowered down. Likewise, phosphorus and potassium is most need during this period. Fertilizers with NPK ratios of 2-9-9 or 2-3-5 would be best as needed.

How to Identify Different Types of Cannabis Leaves

types of cannabis leaves

If you are on the hunt for cannabis plants into the wilderness, then it is important for you to identify and become familiar with the plant’s characteristics. This includes the plant’s build, smell, and more specifically cannabis leaves shape, color, and size.
Cannabis leaves are not all identical even with similar strains. Each type of cannabis strain is very different and they can vary depending on what kinds of genetics they have or whether they are male, female or ruderalis.

When your pruning your cannabis plants they are a few thing you will notice and can look for to identify some information about your plant.

Sativa Cannabis Leaves

As known, Cannabis Sativa strains are tall and slender plants. Nonetheless, their leaves are often thinly branched. Its leaflets are narrow, long, and have long gaps to one another. They often have a spiky appearance on its tips. Along with its sides, sativa leaves are several serrations that are quite notable. Sativa leaves could go a maximum of 13 leaflets so you’ll expect that these leaves are quite big as compared to other strains.
With its color, the leaves of Sativa could vary from bright, lime green, to even blackish green.

Indica Cannabis Leaves

Cannabis Indica is most often characterized by broad and short length leaves. They have fewer leaflets as compared to Sativa since they are bigger and bushier. Usually, leaflets could go up to seven or nine depending on its genetics. Indentations on its sides are also notable for Indica variety.
Leaves of indica variety are mostly deep olive green in color. Rare instances where indica leaves go light green. This occurrence could indicate deficiency or inadequacy.
Overall, indica strains are fat and short plants. Its leaves cover the most parts of your branches since it’s quite bulky as needed.

Ruderalis Cannabis Leaves

Ruderalis plant variety is usually small in size. Likewise, its leaves are quite smaller than the other varieties. Leaves of this type could be similar in shape with indica but just small in size. Also, Ruderalis leaves are narrower than Indica. Its sides likewise, has indentations but not that many as compared to the other two. Leaflets of Ruderalis variety could go from five to thirteen leaflets.