Cannabis has been used and cultivated since man discovered its psychoactive properties. It has been used as recreational tools as well as a medicine for many ailments in both the mind and body. Scientific research and study to determine the origin and classification of cannabis have only been done recently. There are different types of marijuana that every cannabis grower should know. Knowing the type of marijuana is crucial for those who want to grow them as cultivating them will depend on different factors.
Different Types of Marijuana
There is still no hard evidence to show where marijuana originated or where it was first cultivated. The most valid evidence so far is the discovery of the first-ever marijuana strain by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in the late 1700s where he identified it as Cannabis indica. He was able to determine that the plant had a different effect on the usual hemp plants that were grown across Europe at that time. The plant had a very intoxicating nature or what we now know as a psychoactive effect on the human mind and body.
The leaves of an Indica are much wider than any other type. They tend to grow short and very bushy as well. It is also known that Indicas produce high amounts of a natural chemical compound called cannabinoid. The exact cannabinoid that was found to be in high levels in Indicas is THC which was the reason for its highly intoxicating effect.
Most Indicas originated in the mountainous regions of the Middle East and other places like Morocco, Thailand, and Pakistan. They provide a very sedating experience that helps you relax and become sleepy. It is also known that this type of marijuana can cause you to become hungry. Indicas are often prescribed to patients with multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, HIV/AIDS, insomnia, Parkinson’s Disease, and many other conditions.
Cannabis sativa was classified by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. This type of marijuana was commonly used as a source of industrial fiber and much other food-related use. This type had different uses in different regions hence the word sativa was derived from the definition of things that are cultivated.
Sativa types are known to provide uplifting and energetic effects on the human mind and body. They grow well in a warm and tropical climate and love to be exposed to the sun. Sativas are usually found and cultivated in these tropical areas such as Mexico, Thailand, Colombia, and many countries in Southeast Asia. The plant differs from other types since it grows tall and has a lighter green color to it. The leaves are much smaller than the previous type and the buds are fluffy and well-rounded.
Due to its energetic and uplifting nature, Sativas are usually recommended for people with chronic fatigue, pain, nausea, mental health issues such as depression, anxiety disorders, and ADD. Sative strains are less sedative hence they are usually consumed during the day or in the afternoon.
Hybrid strains are the product of cross-breeding two different marijuana types to form a new strain. Usually, growers use an Indica and a Sativa to crossbreed and determine which has the most influence. With that in mind, hybrid strains acquire the effects of its parent strains. Most hybrid strains manifest different physical attributes and flavor profiles. Some are even very distinct from their parent strains.
Most hybrid strains begin with a Sativa-like effect that later on transition into an Indica effect. It usually starts with an uplifting high and graduates into a heavy body sedative feeling that is very reminiscent of its Indica roots. Other effects include sleepy, happy, and focused. Most hybrids have high THC content and are known to thrive well in indoor setups.
There are a few issues with cultivating hybrid strains. One of the most common issues is the prevalence of hermaphroditism wherein the female plants develop male parts that could result in a decreased yield. Nowadays, these hybrid strains come in feminized seeds which reduce the frequency of producing hermaphrodites.
Another type of marijuana is the CBD strain. CBD or cannabidiol is another cannabinoid compound found in different marijuana strains that do not have any psychoactive effect on the mind and body. Most of these strains have lower THC content and are commonly used in the medical setting. CBD offers great medical uses such as treatment for long term pain and inflammation. It is also great at relieving stress and promoting proper relaxation. CBD strains are often prescribed to patients dealing with the pain and other related effects of cancer and its treatment.
Ruderalis is another type of marijuana usually found in Russia and Central Asia. This type is one of the staples of marijuana production and is commonly used to crossbreed with other types. First classified by D.E. Janischewsky in 1924, Ruderalis strains are very unique as they do not follow a distinct and regular lighting cycle that most other strains do.
Ruderalis strains are often smaller in size and only reach a certain height at around 2 feet. While many might be put off with the small size, ruderalis strains are recommended for those who have limited space. Even though they come in smaller sizes, they can still produce massive yield due to the number of plants that you can propagate.
They are also a great option for medical marijuana users who want to grow their weed in their backyard. Ruderalis strains are popular due to the way they grow and produce flowers. Most strains need to follow a light cycle to produce flowers whereas Ruderalis strains barely need any lighting to start developing flowers.
If you have plans to cultivate marijuana, knowing the different types of marijuana should allow you to find which strain to grow best in your area. Marijuana is a complex and tricky plant to grow and it will need a lot of love and attention. Through the use of the knowledge learned from identifying different types of marijuana, you can have a clear definition of what you want to grow and who you want to be as a cannabis cultivator.