Avoid These Common Beginner Marijuana Growers Mistakes

marijuana growers

Growing marijuana is both fun and educational. Unlike other common plants, Marijuana needs attention and proper care in order to have a healthy growth. Another point to remember is you should have special knowledge and skills in the proper cultivation of your marijuana plant. I can still remember when I started growing marijuana and I totally made a lot of mistakes.

As of today, I often asked about the tips on how to properly grow marijuana plants but I chose not to share because it would be better to share first the common mistakes every marijuana growers beginner should avoid. That is why; I came up with this:

List of Common Beginner Marijuana Growers’ Mistakes and How to Avoid it

  • Improper management of PH.

When you grow Marijuana plants, you will also familiarize many acronyms and formulas. One of these is the PH level. Technically speaking, we should know on how to manage properly the PH of our soil/medium to protect our Marijuana plants from making small buds or worst to death. PH plays an important role in growing Marijuana since it will tell what nutrients our Marijuana actually needs.

In order to avoid this beginner’s mistake, you must provide your own PH testing kit and make sure to provide what your plants need. Make sure to follow this correct range:

Hydroponics                           5.5-6.5

Soil                                            6.0-7.0

 

  • Too much nutrients application

This mistake is very common among beginners since this is very easy to make. Many think that more nutrients will make Marijuana plants healthier. If you have this kind of mindest, you should start changing it now. Although nutrients are the food to make our Marijuana grow, we need to follow the proper amount and application of the different kind of fertilizers. If we will overfeed our plant, this will result to severe damage like nutrient burn and some may lead to death.

This mistake can be avoided through following the right amount of application.

  • Overwatering

We all knew the fact that plants need water. Just like other plants, Marijuana needs water to survive and grow. It is one of the major factors why Marijuana will grow either healthy or poor. However, it is also necessary to be mindful about the right amount of water we should give to our Marijuana to prevent droopy posture or total damage to the plant.

You can avoid overwatering through being observant to your medium. If you are using soil as its medium, it would be better if you will regularly check the top inches of the soil if it is dry.

  • Bad stating genes

Upon choosing the best strain, it is important that we will be mindful about the genes of our Cannabis plants.

To avoid choosing bad genes, you have to get seeds from reputable source to make sure that these will produce strains with best genes.

  • Wrong lighting

Since light is a major need of our Marijuana plants, it is important to have proper lighting so that our plants will enjoy enough amount of light.

Avoid doing this mistake by being proportional. Make sure that your light is proportion to the numbers of your Marijuana.

  • Early harvesting

Sometimes we are pushed through with our excitement in harvesting our Marijuana crop. This is the reason why we need to control this excitement because it is not good for our Marijuana plant. It would be better to wait the right time where our plant is perfect to be harvested.

Autoflowering Marijuana Lighting Schedule

Autoflowering marijuana is a type of marijuana plant that can grow in just 3 weeks and can mature and be ready for harvest in just 8 weeks. And in this very short amount of time, the plant uses all its energy to grow strong and healthy and of course to complete its deadline. Autos as they say can flower even in any kind of lighting cycle but these still need consistent lighting to be able to produce a larger yield.

Autoflower Cannabis Light Requirement Basics

Autoflowering cannabis, as the name suggest, will automatically flower at the right time. This will happen no matter what light schedule you subject your plants to. But because you want a decent yield, you can tweak your lighting cycle to produce a better and larger, high quality yield in no time.

Using a 24/0 light cycle

A 24/0 light cycle means that you will subject your plant to light all day and all night long. The number 24 means that light would be on for 24 hours while 0 means that there won’t be any dark periods. Because autoflowering plants do not rely on light to grow and flower, they can therefore be subjected to a 24/0 light cycle from seed to harvest time. This is actually what many growers believe is beneficial to autoflowering plants saying that this will give plants a great chance to grow bigger during the vegetative stage and then during the flowering stage.

Cannabis is a C3 plant or a type of plant that can absorb CO2 during periods of light to help with photosynthesis. This reduces the need to provide darkness since the plant does no need periods of darkness to create food or photosynthesis compared to C4 plants. Another thing is autoflowering plants that are actually from the northern parts of the world where there is near 24-hours of sunlight during the seasons when the cannabis is growing. Therefore cannabis can thrive well when subjected to 24-hours of lighting.

Using an 18/6 light cycle

An 18/6 light cycle means that the autoflowering plant receives 18 hours of light and gets 6 hours of darkness or dark time. There are many reasons why 24 hours may not be the optimum light cycle for autoflowering crops. First, there are growers that do not agree with a 24-hour light cycle. They agree that autoflowering plants need all the energy that they can to stay within their pre-programmed growth and harvest but also need a few hours of rest; to recuperate from stress. Recuperating from stress is also a good way to ensure that plants grow healthy and provide a good yield come harvest time.

There are also financial constraints in using a 24/0 light cycle. It’s going to be very expensive to maintain three or more grow lights running for 24 hours to support a home or garden operation. Also, grow lights can release a lot of heat which can become trapped inside a grow space when your lights are on for 24 hours a day. An 18/6 light cycle lets you turn off your lighting during the hottest hours of the day.

Choosing the best: 18/6 or 24/0

So which light cycle will work best for your autoflowering crops? This decision is entirely up to you. Any which way, your autos will be able to grow and thrive. In a 24/0 light cycle, your plants can enjoy non-stop energy coming from your light source, although there may be certain consequences like accumulating heat inside the grow room and additional financial costs. On the other hand 18/6 light cycle lets your plants rest which, as they say, could even benefit  your crops since you are letting them recuperate and recover from stress. This light cycle will reduce heat accumulation inside your grow room and will not let your, lights, fans and ventilation systems work overtime and therefore will not be a huge burden on your electricity bills.

All-in-all, 18/6 light cycle seems to be a better choice because of its better effect on autoflowering plants and ease on your electricity bills as well. This also works for most autoflowering cannabis growers and may also work for your particular growing needs. Remember to consider the following when making your choice:

  • Your budget
  • The size of your growing area
  • The type of strain that you are growing
  • The climate, especially temperature conditions in your area
  • The number of autoflowering plants you have

All these factors can help you decide whether a 24/0 or an 18/6 light cycle will be the ideal light cycle for your needs. Remember that every grower has different needs as every type of cannabis has special lighting needs as well. Consider all these factors and you will have healthy and thriving autos that will give you a good yield in no time at all.

Autoflowering Grow Box Planning and Design

Growing autoflowering cannabis is mostly preferred indoors because you can control pretty much all the factors in your plant’s growth and development. And if you are just a personal use grower or just growing your own weed for medicine then there is no need to use a room or the basement to cultivate your own cannabis plant. You can use a grow box where you can grow and cultivate weed effectively and stealthily. The following tips can help you with grow box planning and design as well as choosing the right equipment that you will use to care for your plants.

Your grow box size

The very first thing that you probably thought of was how large your growing area would be in proportion to your home considering that this is where you and your family live. Some growers plan this part way ahead of time before they construct the actual grow box or before they place their plants in. There are many important things to consider when planning for your grow box size.

Grow boxes come in a variety of size and shapes and may be constructed from the actual part of the house like a clothes cabinet or from a piece of furniture or appliance. Take note that whatever your plan may be, you must have at least three or more options just in case you need to tweak your plans.

Your budget also plays a huge role in choosing the right materials, equipment and other important factors that can affect the growth of plants. But anyone with a small budget can start growing cannabis at home with a little bit of creativity and DIY skills.

Finally, the amount of weed you expect to have is another factor. If you are just growing weed for personal use or for leisure then grow box would suffice. Medium scale to large scale grows rooms and tents are already for commercial use.

Grow box lights

Grow lights replace the sun in a small grow operation. There are many kinds of grow lights and there are many ways to install these so that your plants can get maximum benefits. The very first thing that you need to consider as you shop for grow lights is the cost. Are you prepared to purchase top of the line lighting equipment for your plants? How about the corresponding electricity bill which would surely inflate once you have set up your grow box system.

Grow lights can easily become hot and this heat could be distributed all over our small growing space. Therefore you must use an efficient ventilation system to get rid of trapped heat inside the room. Watch for the intensity of the light source, the type of bulb and more. There are many kinds of grow lights from cannabis growing sites and in accessories sites online. You can choose the right one for your needs.

Heat and ventilation

Heat can accumulate inside grow rooms and affect your plants if you are not careful. One way to remove this is using a ventilation system that can move heat away from the plants and allow plants to breathe. Fans are usually used along with filters to clean up air and to remove odors. You need this even if you are just planning for a closet operation or a small room operation. Remember that air exhaust, air intake, negative pressure and air circulation.

Electricity sources/wiring

No matter what size your grow closet or room is, you need a reliable and efficient electricity source and wiring. The wiring should be safe and efficient and if possible, have a professional check and double check for any problems. Check that the wirings are not near any water source and should not disturb normal traffic in a home or from any location.

Reflective material

Reflective material is important so that you can redirect light back to your plants. The use of these materials has been proven to increase the quantity of yields and therefore you must use the most efficient materials. By far, Mylar is the best reflective material that can reflect 95% of your light. It is cheap, easy to use and strong. She is available in most craft stores and hardware stores. And of course there are more materials to choose from like emergency blankets, white paint and panda sheets and more.

Water distribution

For small scale growers like you, you can use a drip system or a wick system. You can also try hydroponics for larger grows. There are many kinds of water systems to choose from but in your case a small closet operation may not need a super-efficient water distributing system. Regular watering and checking on plants is definitely more important.

All about stealth growing

Growing weed may not be allowed in some places and this could be detrimental if you need cannabis medications and therapy. Stealth growing will allow you to care for cannabis plants in a very discrete manner. This is where your imagination takes over as you can use almost anything at home to hide your cannabis growing operation. From using cabinets, refrigerators, wine cabinets, beds and so on, you are looking at growing weed in the most careful way and therefore the right design as well as the right equipment for maintenance should be used.

Your cannabis strains

As with growing other kinds of plants, you must understand the kind of strain you want to grow. Keep in mind its height, water requirements, harvest period, temperature requirements and so many more factors. You will build your grow box according to your plants’ needs.

Finally, you will surely get more cannabis yield and have healthier plants when you consider using organic food and avoiding chemicals that can harm your plant more than care for it. Cannabis is a very hardy plant and is one of the easiest to grow given the right conditions. Your cannabis plant will surely give you good yields when you consider these factors for your grow box or room design.

 

All You Need To Know About Soil Nutrients For Marijuana

marijuana soil

If you are a first time marijuana grower then this could be a very valid question. You could be flummoxed with all the terms and abbreviations that you would confuse where to start. So here we lay out the basics and not so basics about marijuana soil nutrients for you.

Why Does Soil Nutrients Good To Your Growing Marijuana?

From the Periodic Table

First off, let us talk about the elements needed by a marijuana plant to grow. Your marijuana plants need both organic and inorganic elements to grow the right way. There are also two things called macronutrients and micronutrients that you need to take note of. Macronutrients are the nutrients needed by your marijuana plant in large quantities. On the other hand, micronutrients are those needed in really, really small quantities but are still essential for survival.

For the organic macronutrients, marijuana plants need carbon (C), oxygen (O), hydrogen (H) and nitrogen (N). And the inorganic macronutrients required include phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (C), magnesium (Mg) and sulfur (S).

Fertilizers

When choosing fertilizers, you could be confused on the presence of three varying numbers on the label. These numbers stand for the three essential elements when it comes to fertilizers. The three numbers stand for Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, respectively. So there are lots and lots of choices depending on your growing needs. Therefore if a fertilizer says 10-4-4 then it contains 10% Nitrogen, 4% Phosphorus and 4% Potassium.

Then there are the micronutrients which include iron, zinc, chlorine, cobalt, manganese, molybdenum, boron, copper and silicon. You as a grower should not neglect your marijuana plants’ need for these micronutrients as they are incredibly vital to their survival.

Hydroponics

Hydroponic growing is a technique for growing marijuana that doesn’t require the need for soil at all. There are lots and lots of ways to grow marijuana without soil. One way is to use coco coir, pebbles and others which also contain nutrients needed for marijuana growth. Another method is to use flowing water which could also be quite a bit complicated for beginners.

When using hydroponics, you would sometimes need to supplement your growing medium with nutrients that may not be present or present but in a lesser quantity.

Soil and Organic Nutrients

When you are not using hydroponics, you are most likely using soil together with organic nutrients. When using soil, you are sure to have useful organic matter on your growing medium. Some organic mediums you could use include humus, some animal manure, compost that you could also make, worm castings and more. These are good choices because they contain the natural organic nutrients that plant your marijuana plants need so they could fatten up and produce great smelling and potent buds. Also, using organic nutrients and soil will lead to less harm to your plants as compared with synthetic ones.

How to Store Cannabis Seeds the Right Way

After a successful seed harvest you must store your cannabis seeds very well so you can have seeds to use for future grows. You might also be wondering why create seeds when you can buy seeds easily from an online shop? There are many advantages of growing your own seeds:

  • Seeds are becoming very expensive especially for top marijuana strains. You will end up spending a fortune if you purchase seeds time and time again every time you are growing a new batch.
  • Growing your own seeds will preserve the quality of your seeds and strains. Since you will be growing this yourself, you are sure that you have quality seeds to use for years to come.
  • Growing your own seeds organically. Who knows how seeds you purchased online or from a local grower were grown and harvested? Growing your own seeds will make sure that there are no toxic chemicals and dangerous pesticides and herbicides that can only pose a risk to the consumer. You can grow organic seeds and seeds that only use sustainable materials, to grow.
  • Growing your own seeds can be an additional income source. Once you have expertly grown seeds, you will surely have the confidence to grow some more. And why just grow for personal use when you can also grow for profit? You can grow seeds to sell online or to gift to friends.

Storing cannabis seeds after harvest

Cannabis seeds can stay viable even for a decade when stored carefully under dark and dry conditions. There are many ways to store seeds but the ideal one has to be able to resist light and to resist moisture build up.

You can store seeds inside a small container with a resalable cover or screwable cover provided the container is opaque or has a dark color. To prevent moisture, add a few grains of rice inside the container. Cover it tightly. You can also use a zip lock bag or a resalable bag to store your seeds. You can also control moisture by adding a few bits of rice or small desiccant bags inside the resalable bags.

Refrigerating and freezing your seeds

Make seeds viable for years by storing these inside your refrigerator or freezer. There are many reasons why these home appliances are ideal storage facilities for your seeds. Refrigerators and freezers are available in almost all homes and therefore very convenient. You can adjust the temperature of your refrigerator to compliment your seeds’ storing temperature. A refrigerator or freezer can keep your seeds fresh and viable for years and can hold hundreds and even thousands of seeds if you need to store for future grows.

But despite all the conveniences of using a refrigerator or freezer, you must also remember that storing your seeds inside the fridge could place it at risk for developing moisture and the refrigerator light can also stimulate the seed’s germination. The trick is to use rice or desiccant inside the seed container or plastic bag and to use a newspaper to wrap the bag or container to prevent any light from seeping in. After wrapping your container in newspaper, keep this in the coldest and darkest part of your refrigerator or freezer. You must also place a label on your container that contains the date the seeds were frozen and the type of strain.

Thawing your seeds for use

After freezing and refrigerating your seeds for many months or maybe years, you have decided to use them for a new grow batch. How do you revive them from being frozen for years? The key is to gently acclimate your seeds so these can germinate soon.

  1. Remove your seeds from the fridge or freezer and let it sit on the table or kitchen counter.
  2. Do not remove the seeds from their container or bag; just let it thaw on its own.
  3. After the seeds have completely thawed out, examine them and then place them under sunlight or artificial light to kick start the germination process.

You might be tempted to use the microwave or a hair dryer to thaw your seeds out. DO NOT DO THIS because you are shocking or stressing your seeds. Just let this thaw naturally. Remember just to thaw the seeds that you will use.

All You Need To Know About Hydroponic Nutrients For Marijuana

Things You Need To Know About Hydroponics Nutrients

When you are using hydroponics as a marijuana grower, it is not right to just assume that nutrients that work for soil also work properly for hydroponics. Ideally, you’ll going to look for more alternative to get hydroponics nutrients for your growing marijuana.

Here are some considerations when choosing nutrients for hydroponic use:

Nutrients for Hydroponics

These nutrients should be specifically made for use in hydroponics. There should be no organic matter, therefore no carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, just minerals. These organic materials could come in the form of worm castings, compost and many more. There should also be an abundance of micronutrients and the NPK rations should be adequate.

NPK Ratio

NPK stand Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, respectively. Make sure to follow the NPK schedule below to achieve optimum yields.

  • Vegetative stage: N-high; P-medium/high; K-high
  • Flowering stage: N-low; P-high; K-high

It is important to follow these guidelines for NPK ratios in different growing stages because not following it could have adverse effects on your plants. If you give your marijuana plant too much nitrogen during the flowering stage, it could lead to lower yields since it does not promote the growth of buds.

Macronutrients

Other than NPK, there are several more macronutrients needed by marijuana plants when they are planted using the hydroponics technique. These macronutrients include magnesium and calcium. Both these minerals are extremely important for the survival or marijuana plants and also important to avoid problems such as yellowing and tacoing of leaves which could lead to death if not addressed properly.

Micronutrients

Aside from the macronutrients, micronutrients are also essential for hydroponics with marijuana. These micronutrients are boron, manganese, copper, cobalt, zinc and molybdenum. Practically the same as that you use when planting with soil but you must opt for supplements especially made for hydroponics as these will have the best effect.

pH

Maintaining pH could easily be neglected but it is one of the more important factors to monitor not only for hydroponics technique but for all ways of planting marijuana. Like in using coco coir, the pH for marijuana plants planted with hydroponics should be maintained between the levels of 5.5 to 6.5.

Cannabis Stretch Autoflowers

Stretching is a very common way for plants to adjust to its environment. By stretching, it can move towards a light source or it can branch out and grow vertically as well as horizontally. However, stretching can be detrimental to cannabis plants because it can severely decrease its yield. Stretching can also weaken its branches and result to breaking or the entire plant falling to the ground. Stretching also occupies a lot of space  and therefore could be very hard to manage especially for indoor breeders. These are why most breeders don’t want stretching and avoid it at all costs.

Why autoflowering cannabis plants stretch

Autoflowering plants are genetically modified plants that already begin to grow in just 3 weeks as compared to regular cannabis plants that grow after 3 months. Autos are ready for harvest in just 8 weeks giving growers more yield per year because they can grow weed three times a year depending on the dark season from the location.

Because of these amazing qualities, autoflowering cannabis plants have tremendous energy needs. These plants will do all they can to get food and sunlight and if there are limited resources it will compensate by stretching.

Autos will stretch vertically to reach a light source. These could result to weakening of the plant’s branches and stems and can even lead to burnt leaves and stems if it gets  too close to the light.

Growing autos too close to each other can also cause stretching. These plants are just like any other plants; grow them too close to each other will result to competition and of course the tallest one will get more light and more  food.

Autoflowering plants also stretch because it’s just their nature. Sativas are cannabis strains that are known to be leggier than indicas and therefore these plants can’t  help but grow taller.

How to avoid stretching

You can prevent stretching in autoflowereing plants by following these simple tips:

  • Don’t grow tall cannabis strains

If you have no room to grow tall cannabis plants then don’t grow them! Despite the demands for sativa strains there is just no reason why you should grow them if you don’t have room. A good rule is to do your research and find out how tall a plant would be by the time it has matured; this would be a good indication of how much room you need to provide for your plants.

 

  • Improve your light source

Possibly the best way to avoid stretching is to improve your light source. Autoflowering strains generally love to be showered with light because they need all the energy to grow and bloom according to their unique genetic make-up. There are many kinds of light  sources to choose from. Ideally the most suitable light source is one that will flood the room with light. If you must use reflective material to concentrate light better then use them.

LED lighting is the most common light source used by modern growers since this type can efficiently light your grow room with the most minimal power consumption. On the other hand, the best reflective material to use is Mylar or blackout canvass because these focus light better and will not crease or tear easily. Other reflective materials like aluminum foil, reflective blankets, panda sheets, Styrofoam, white blankets and using paint are very common but are not recommended unless there are no other materials left to use. Also, investing on the best light source or light sources is a good start to make sure that your plants, and other future crops will be healthy and strong.

  • Give your plants more room to grow

If you grow your plants too near to each other there would be no room to grow horizontally. Crowding will result by the time your plants grow and bloom. If there is not enough lighting to feed all your plants they will tend to move up and stretch. Therefore you must allot room for your plants to grow. Place pots farther apart especially when these start to grow larger considering their actual appearance and size as they turn into adults. If you are growing them indoors, don’t try to crowd them in one room but instead give each plant adequate space to grow and bloom.

  • Give plants more breathing space from the ground up

Adding a small fan at the bottom of the crop can help improve air flow which can reduce stretching. Usually when plants feel that there is not enough room and there is poor air circulation from underneath these will try to compensate by growing taller. Cannabis plants will continue to grow tall because it senses this unusual condition and therefore improving air flow can help avoid stretching.

Challenges in growing autoflowering plants indoors

A lot of growers face the challenges of growing autoflowering cannabis indoors because they want to control and monitor their crops in a more efficient manner. Indoor growing also helps  you get the best yield since plants will end up healthier and the strain more potent since you are able to control its food, water and light source.

There is no doubt that autos will give a good yield however you must s till do your research and get to know more about the strain you have chosen. If for some reason your plant becomes too tall for its own good you may trim off some excess foliage or  it. Pruning will clear up excess leaves and stems but will also give your plant room to breathe and grow.

More so, autoflowering plants don’t grow from clones and therefor you must grow them from seeds. Autoflowering seeds are very expensive and therefore you must observe utmost care when growing autos indoors.

And finally there is the question of how much food and water does autos need. Technically auto seeds will grow in all kind of conditions but will still need adequate amounts of light, water and food to grow healthier and taller. Stretching is mostly the result of the absence of any one of these factors.

Autoflower Cannabis Hermie – How Does It Happen?

While it’s quite natural to think that there are male cannabis plants and there are female cannabis plants, there are cannabis plants that may show both gender traits and characteristics at the same time. This is what growers and breeders call “hermie” which is short for hermaphrodite plants. And while it could be exciting to think that this kind of plant could pollinate itself, breeders think otherwise.

But how does hermies actually start in the first place? What could actually bring about hermies?

The role of stress in the production of hermies

Experts agree that the development of hermies actually comes from stress. All plants are affected by stress and cannabis plants are very vulnerable because of its unique plant physiology and characteristics. Stress could be from anything: from internal stress due to chemical imbalances within the plant to environmental problems like heat, light and more. A successful grower must understand all these to be able to avoid stressing their cannabis plants.

  • Stress from irregular or inconsistent lighting

Cannabis plants feed on light to create their own food. Together with water and organic plant food, light coming from either natural or artificial sources are needed by cannabis plants to grow, bloom and yield good harvest. Therefore losing any of these factors can be detrimental to plant health and survival.

Inconsistent lighting, an irregularly lit room or irregular lighting is taxing to cannabis plants and this can lead to stress and the possible development of hermies.

  • Stress from heat

Cannabis plants are used to heat but not prolonged exposure to heat which can cause stress and burns. This usually happens when a light source is placed very close to plants or if plants have stretched to reach a light source. Heat could also be detrimental to plants and this can happen when the grow room has become too hot. Not only will plants have to deal with stress but they also need to recover physically as well to be able to create better yield and good profits for growers and breeders.

  • Stress from plant health

Cannabis plants are also similar to regular plants in such a way that these are also susceptible to many kinds of plant diseases. And with exposure to any fungus or bacteria comes top level stress. The plant has to neutralize these invaders in order to stay healthy and ready to grow and bloom. Still there are other reasons which can cause stress to plants. Nutrient deficiencies, pH imbalances and light burn can all be very stressful to plants.

Genetics and hermies

Stress could lead to the development of hermies however; the natural tendency of plants to become hermies can be due to genetics. There is a huge possibility that these plants will also yield offspring that also have hermaphrodite characteristics and this is not good. This is why breeders suggest destroying hermaphrodite plants as soon as these are spotted to prevent accidental pollination of all female plants of the lot.

Avoiding stress for cannabis plants

You can significantly reduce the risk of developing mixed-gender cannabis plants when you avoid all the factors that can cause stress to plants in the first place. Here are some tips that might help prevent stress for your precious plants:

  1. Always be consistent with lighting

Create a lighting schedule and stick with it. Most growers prefer a strict 18/6 schedule which means giving plants 18 hours of light and 6 hours of darkness each day. You can also opt to give your plants 24 hours non-stop lighting. Whatever choice you may have, do all you can to follow it to the T. forgetting your schedule can ruin your plant’s internal schedule and stress it out.

  1. Fix lighting issues and reflector issues

A reason for inconsistencies in lighting could be broken lamps, bulbs and reflectors. You must fix these otherwise you are only adding to your plant’s stress. Broken lamps as well as broken bulbs can make your plants too hot or too cold and can even make cold spots, Broken, torn or dirty reflectors could be inefficient and could cause areas inside the grow room to be cooler than the rest of the room.

The best course of action is to invest in a quality bulb and lamp like an HPS lamp or LED lamp and using the best reflector material like white paint, canvass and Mylar material. These reflective materials can improve the amount of reflected light back to your plants to ensure that these receive adequate lighting.

  1. Avoid too much heat, ventilate your grow room

Plants can also become dehydrated and this is very stressful to them. Even if they have some kind of passive watering system, a hot room is still a hot room. You must improve ventilation by adding a fan or an exhaust fan to improve temperature inside your grow room. Too much heat can be from the lamps or lighting, too much moisture and also heat coming from outdoor sources.

  1. Avoid crowding your plants to prevent stretching

Overcrowding plants in one small area can cause plants to stretch to compete with lighting and nutrients. Plants naturally do this so that they could survive. But stretching can be very stressful to plants and too much stretching just to reach a light source could burn plants and could break their stems and branches. Avoiding crowding can help prevent these.

  1. Choose healthy and durable seeds from a reliable dealer

Choose a reliable dealer that will give you healthy seeds that don’t have the tendency to be hermies or have extra gender characteristics. This tip will save you money and will also reduce your worries about growing hermies.

  1. Maintain pH and feed plants with the best organic food

Choose only organic plant food and maintain pH levels in the soil by using soil conditioning products. Adhere to a strict feeding schedule and keep a record of your plant’s health will help you keep an eye for hermies.

How to use pH Scale in your Marijuana Garden

Scaling the pH in your marijuana garden is highly important to do because you will be able to avoid encountering marijuana problems and you can get an assurance that your marijuana plant will grow with great potential which will work best at your personal desires. Some may find this a little bit complicated to do, but once you have mastered the secrets of checking and adjusting your pH in your marijuana garden, rest assured that this task will become much easier to deal with.

That being said, since everyone already knows what is pH, let us discuss the pH range that we should use when growing a marijuana plant, how to use the pH scale and its measuring tools, and how to adjust your pH if your growing medium is not placed on its ideal pH value.

What is the ideal pH value that every cannabis growers should follow?

We all know what is pH and its purpose. But for those who are not yet familiar with this, pH scale is being utilized to measure the acidity and alkalinity of your water solution. It contains numbers from 1 to 14 which helps in indicating the condition of your solution.

If you pH scale shows 7, it means that your solution is in a neutral phase. If your pH value is in 1, it only means that your solution is the most acidic, while the pH value of 14 means that your solution is the most alkaline.

The pH of your cannabis plants will depend on your chosen growing medium. For an instance, if you are growing your cannabis plants in a soil, you need to follow the pH range between 6.0 to 7.0 pH since cannabis plants are best to grow if the soil is acidic.

For hydroponics, coco coir, and soilless growers, you need to set your pH range between 5.5 to 6.5 pH. And when you are growing your cannabis plants using these mediums, you have to make sure that you will always monitor and make necessary adjustments to your pH when it is needed since powder and liquid nutrients are more difficult to manage. So be watchful to avoid encountering some trouble!

How to use the pH scale in your cannabis when testing and adjusting?

Now that we know the right pH range to follow while growing cannabis plants, let us now learn how we can use the pH scale when testing and adjusting your pH. But before we do that, we should prepare the following materials:

  1. Your chosen pH tester

You can either opt for a digital pH pen as your pH tester or use the pH measurement kit that has inclusions of drops or strips. If you use a digital pH pen expect that you will get a more accurate result since you don’t need to use a chart or any guesswork to know the pH of your solution. However, the price is too expensive and you need to be extra careful when using this one since it is very easy to break.

If you will use the pH measurement kit with strips or drops, you can save a lot of your money since its price is cheaper than the digital pH pen. But as time passes by, you will notice that you are actually spending too much for this pH tester.

When it comes to the accuracy, there is no guarantee that you will figure out the right pH of your solution since you need to read the color and use a chart to know its value. But you can learn some good tricks on how to perfectly use the strips or drops, however, this is more time consuming than using a digital pH pen.

So the choice is yours – digital pH pen or pH strips or drops.

  1. Nutrients

Prepare your nutrients as well for this will be needed while testing your pH.

  1. Water and container

Get your tap water or special water if needed. But tap water is usually doing great and fine for most of our cannabis growers. Then after preparing your water, you need to get a container that is not fragile to use most especially if you are using a digital pH pen to avoid breaking it. Just use a container that is purposely made for testing pH if there’s any, but a drinking water container will do.

  1. Use pH Up and pH down

This is needed when your pH is out of your range. If your pH is too high, then you need to add pH down, and if it is too low, add pH up.

Steps to follow when testing and adjusting your pH:

  1. Get your tap water and add your nutrients on it.
  2. Stir the solution or carefully shake it to get the exact pH of your water when tested.
  3. Test your pH now using your preferred pH tester.

For those who are using a pH drop or strip, you need to get your sample first on a test tube using your drop then add two or three drops into your pH strip or dip your pH strip. Then after such, you can now match the color of your strip to the color chart to get the pH range of your solution.

With regards to digital pH pen, you don’t need to use a color chart or anything, you just have to follow the directions given on how to use your chosen digital pH pen brand then wait for its result that will appear on its screen.

  1. Adjust your pH using pH up and pH down.

If your pH range is not ideal according to its right pH range, you need to use the pH up and pH down to correct its pH range.

If your pH is too high, you need to add 1 tsp per gallon or 1 ml per gallon of pH down as your starting measurement using a syringe to get the exact amount needed. If your pH is still high, add another one.

When your pH is too low, you need to add more pH up for about 2 to 4 ml per gallon of water since 1 ml per gallon of water can reduce your pH to 1 point. So when trying to increase your pH, you need to add more pH up to double your pH faster.

  1. Test the pH again.

After the adjustments, you need to re-test your solution to ensure that it is in the right pH range. Take note, you don’t need to get the exact pH value. For an instance, your pH value is showing 6.8, it is okay as long as it will not go over its pH range which is 7.0. Let the pH value play on its own to avoid complications and also to lessen the hassle on your part.

Then after checking your pH, you need to water your plants using a solution with nutrients. But make sure that you will test your water first to ensure that you will not get a bad pH at the end.

 

There you have it! Checking and adjusting your pH is not too complicated to do for as long as you will follow all the rules. So be obedient and patient for this is one of the best ways for you to harvest the best crops!

All You Need To Know About Coco Coir Nutrients For Marijuana

coco coir nutrients for marijuana

So you’ve already heard all about coco coir  nutrients for marijuana as a growing medium for your seeds. Using coco coir is another way for performing hydroponics for marijuana plants. Hydroponics are methods of growing plants with which the main growing medium is not soil. When using coco coir, any supplement made for hydroponics will work most definitely well.

How to Grow Cannabis Seeds With Coco Coir Nutrients?

Calcium and Magnesium

Make sure that you provide the plant with additional calcium and magnesium supplements as coco coir does not naturally possess these in the required quantities. However, if you want to be a little more specific, there are supplements and nutrients that are specific for use with coco coir. When adding the calcium and magnesium supplements, make sure to do it as much as you can for the first 2 weeks of planting. You can then lower the dosages after the first two weeks.

pH Level

When you’ve made sure that you’ve taken note about the calcium and magnesium supplements, you also have to maintain pH of your plants. You can do this by measuring out the pH of your water induced with nutrients and supplements before pouring it over your marijuana plants. The pH levels should be around 5.5 to 6.5 only.

Coco Coir Nutrients

If you are quite unsure if you are using the right nutrients, the best thing to do is to stick to nutrients and supplements that are especially made for coco coir. These usually come in sets of three which consist of ones for different stages of growth.

NPK Ratios

So now that we’ve talked about supplements and water, let’s talk about the best type of NPK nutrients to use for coco coir. If you don’t already know it, NPK stands for Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium. These three always come together in terms of plant nutrients. They are represented by three respective numbers that depict the respective amounts present in the mixture.

For the vegetative and growth stage of your marijuana plants, it is best to use a mixture high in both Nitrogen and Potassium but contains only a medium amount of Phosphorus. Then for the flowering stage, you should use one that is low in Nitrogen and High in both Phosphorus and Potassium.